Located in South Carolina’s Upstate Region, Cherokee County can proudly say that it is deeply rooted in its history, culture and natural resources. Long before European settlers came to the area, the Cherokee Nation and other Native American tribes inhabited the land. Their hunting paths and trading trails crossed the area and would be some of the first routes settlers would use when they arrived. Some of these paths would eventually become major byways and settlements would form at major crossroads.
Cherokee County was formed from existing counties in the Upstate area; initially, there was a great opposition to having a new county, but in 1897, voters approved it and the county was proudly named for the Cherokee Indians who once made their home here. Today the City of Gaffney, with a population of over 13,000, serves as the County seat; the Town of Blacksburg, just 15 miles to the northeast, is the county’s second largest incorporated area with a little over 2,000 in population.
The Michael Gaffney Cabin
Located near the corner of Floyd Baker and N. Limestone Street, this home orginally belonged to the founder of Gaffney.
The Cherokee County Chamber of Commerce offices are located in a stately residential house built in 1903. This house is on the National Register of Historic Places.
History is an important part of culture for Cherokee County and there are three National Park Service units within the county’s borders, all having significance with the Revolutionary War.
Battles at Kings Mountain National Military Park in October of 1780 and Cowpens National Battlefield in January of 1781 were both important turning points during the war. The Overmountain Victory National Historic Trail commemorates the route patriot soldiers and volunteers used to reach the area to fight against the British. These defining battles drove the British back north into Virginia where they would surrender at Yorktown and ultimately lose the war.
Another site in Cherokee County full of history, dating back to the early 1800′s, is Limestone College.
Several of the buildings and the Limestone Quarry Lake are on the National Register of Historic Places.